Sven Kramer (Dutch pronunciation: [svɛn ˈkraːmər]; born 23 April 1986) is a Dutch long track speed skater who has won an all-time men’s record eight World Allround Championships as well as a men’s record eight European Allround Championships. He is the Olympic champion of the 5000 meters in Vancouver 2010 and Sochi 2014 and won a record (for both men and women) 17 gold medals at the World Single Distance Championships (held since 1996); seven in the 5000 meters, four in the 10,000 meters, and six in the team pursuit. His 11 individual titles are a men’s record. Kramer is the current world record holder in the 5000 m and the team pursuit (the latter alongside Jan Blokhuijsen and Koen Verweij), and broke the world record in each of those events, as well as in the 10,000 m, three times. By winning the 2010 World Allround Championship, Kramer became the first speed skater in history to win four consecutive world allround championships, and eight consecutive international allround championships. He has been undefeated in the 16 international allround championships he participated in since the 2006/2007 season. From November 2007 to March 2009 he was ranked first in the Adelskalender, but despite his dominance as an all-round skater has since been second on that list to Shani Davis by 0.2 to 0.3 points (seconds on the 500 m).
- 1 Personal life
- 2 Speed skating career
- 2.1 Junior career
- 2.2 Season 2005–2006
- 2.3 Season 2006–2007
- 2.4 Season 2007–2008
- 2.5 Season 2008–2009
- 2.6 Season 2009–2010
- 2.7 Season 2010–2011
- 2.8 Season 2011–2012
- 2.9 Season 2012–2013
- 2.10 Season 2013–2014
- 2.11 Season 2014–2015
- 2.12 Season 2015–2016
- 3 Records
- 3.1 Personal records
- 3.2 World records
- 3.3 Olympic records
- 4 Tournament summary
- 5 References
- 6 External links
Sven Kramer was born on 23 April 1986 in Heerenveen, Friesland, Netherlands. He is the son of former speed skater Yep Kramer, and the four-year-older brother of speed skater Brecht Kramer. He is a born Frisian.
Since 2007 he has been in a relationship with Dutch hockeyplayer Naomi van As.
Speed skating career
In the 2004 season he came in second at the Junior allround world championships.
In December 2004 he won the Dutch Allround Championships at just 18 years old and thus qualified for the European Allround Championships for the first time, where he won the silver medal. At the World Allround Championships 2005 he came third. At the end of that season he signed a contract with the Dutch TVM-team.
Kramer set a new world record for the 5000 m in Salt Lake City on 19 November 2005, when he was 19 years old. With his time of 6:08.78 he also entered the top 10 of the all-time world ranking, the Adelskalender. That season he became the Junior Allround champion.
Kramer stopped skating in the junior competition and became a senior speed skater when he was 20 years old.
On 11 February 2006, he won the silver medal in the 5000 m at the 2006 Winter Olympic in Turin. Kramer also participated in the team pursuit event. The Dutch team was favourite and was leading Italy by nearly a full second in their semifinal match-up, but Kramer stepped on a block and fell, taking Carl Verheijen with him. In the race for bronze, they defeated Norway, giving Kramer his second medal of the Games.
Kramer also competed in two other distances, the 1500 and the 10000 meter. Due to a screw in his skate that broke just a few minutes before his race, Kramer came in 15th at the 1500. The 10000 meters did not go as planned at all and he finished in 7th. Afterward, Kramer stepped on the concrete with his skates in his frustration, damaging the blades.
During the 2006 European Allround Championships in Hamar, Kramer got to the fourth place after a tournament full of accidents. On the first day, the ice melted and the skaters had to wait until later in the evening to continue skating.
During the 2006 World Allround Championships in Calgary, Kramer set a new world record in the 10000 m with a time of 12:51.60. Kramer won both the two longest distances of the tournament, but had to settle for bronze overall.
In the 2006–2007 season, Kramer won the first two 5000 m world cup races, the second in 6:09.78, just outside his world record time. In December 2006 he again became national allround champion, where a personal record in the 500 m, his weakest distance, gave him great prospects for the international allround championships.
On 14 January 2007, Kramer was crowned European Allround Champion in Collalbo, Italy. There had been a tight battle between Kramer and the 2006 winner Enrico Fabris. Fabris had won the two shorter and Kramer the two longer distances, but his overall score was lower than Fabris’ (148.800 to 149.389). In addition, his times in the 5 and 10 km were new world records for outdoor skating. By skating a new personal best in the 1500 m Kramer overtook fellow Dutchman Jochem Uytdehaage and Enrico Fabris on the Adelskalender. On the Adelskalender he was ranked first as of 17 November 2007.
On 11 February 2007, Kramer became World Allround Champion for the first time. He skated the 500 m and the 10 km in personal bests, the latter in a new world record of 12:49.88.
At the World Championships of 2007 in Salt Lake City, Kramer participated in the 5000, 10000 meters and the team pursuit. He won three out of three, the 10000 and the team pursuit in world records.
Kramer became Skater of the year. The female skater of the year was Ireen Wüst.
In the first competition of the season Fabris beat Kramer on the 5000 meter and Fabris set a new world record, 6.07,40. A week later Kramer got his world record back and brought it to 6.03,32.
In Kolomna, Russia, Kramer won the European Allround Championship for the second time.
On 10 February, Kramer became World Allround Champion in Berlin, Germany, also for the second time.
During the Essent ISU World Cup in Hamar (Norway) Kramer was awarded the Oscar Mathisen Award mainly due to the four world records he skated during 2007. Kramer skated four distances: 1500, 5000, 10000 meter, and the team pursuit. On the 1500 meter Kramer skated a good race and placed second, ahead of Olympic Champion Enrico Fabris and Shani Davis. Denny Morrison from Canada won the race. On the 5000 and 10000 meter distances, and the team pursuit, Kramer won three gold medals, just like the year before.
Kramer became Skater of the year for the second time in a row. The female skater of the year was Paulien van Deutekom.
At the national single distance championships in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 1500, 5000 and the 10000 meters; by winning these three distances he brought his national titles total up to 11.
He won gold at the national allround championships in Heerenveen and at the European allround championships in Heerenveen. At the world single distance championships in Vancouver Kramer won gold on the 5000 and 10000 meter, and the team pursuit.
Kramer won gold at the world allround championships in Hamar.
For the third time, he was chosen as “skater of the year” in the Netherlands and received the Ard Schenk Award.
At the national championships for single distances in Heerenveen, Kramer won the 5000 and the 10000 metres. He failed to qualify for the World Cup for the 1500 metres.
At the European allround championships in Hamar in January 2010 Kramer won gold. He became the all-round European champion for the fourth year in a row. He won the final 10000 metre race from the Italian Enrico Fabris, who ended second in the overall rankings. Russia’s Ivan Skobrev came third.
At the 2010 Winter Olympics, Kramer was the favourite to win three gold medals, like his countryman Ard Schenk at the 1972 Olympics in Sapporo. At the 5000 metres race of the 2010 Winter Olympics in Vancouver, Kramer grabbed the gold medal with a new Olympic record of 6:14.60, beating the previous time of Jochem Uytdehaage by 0.06 second. He finished ahead of South Korean Lee Seung-hoon and Russian Ivan Skobrev, leaving four Olympic champions, Shani Davis, Enrico Fabris, Chad Hedrick and Bob de Jong, empty-handed.
Shortly after his 5000m victory, an NBC affiliated reporter asked Kramer to say his name, country and what he’d just won, to which Kramer replied “Are you stupid? Hell no, I’m not gonna do that.”
In the 10000 meter finals, Kramer finished first, with a time of 12:54.50, only to be disqualified for failing to change lanes during one of the later laps. As a result, Lee Seung-hoon won gold with a new Olympic record, 12:58.55. The lane change mistake was caused by incorrect directions shouted to Kramer by his coach, Gerard Kemkers, near the end of the race.
At the national championships, only shortly after the Olympic games in Vancouver, Kramer didn’t compete. After the Olympics in Vancouver he needed to rest to recover for the World Allround Championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March.
At the World allround championships in Heerenveen on 19–21 March 2010, Kramer won an unprecedented fourth consecutive title. In the general classification after three distances, he ranked number 2, but in the final 10K race he skated 12:57.97 which was more than enough to pass Jonathan Kuck who was leading the overall classification before the start. Kuck ended number 2, Håvard Bøkko third. It also was Kramer’s 8th consecutive championship title in European and World allround championship, another unprecedented feat.
Kramer became Skater of the year for the fourth time in a row. The female skater of the year was Ireen Wüst.